Studying in the UK or EU

Erasmus+ in the UK if there’s no Brexit deal. If the UK leaves the EU in March 2019 without a deal, the UK Government will:

  • Underwrite Erasmus+ funding for all successful bids submitted while the UK are still in the EU. This arrangement is dependent on reaching agreement with the EU that UK organisations can continue to be eligible to participate in Erasmus+ projects and;
  • Funding for successful bids will continue for the lifetime of those particular projects
  • You will still be able to bid for new funding until 2020, if we reach an agreement with the EU that UK organisations can participate in Erasmus+ projects post-exit after the UK has left the EU

For further information Erasmus+ in the UK if there’s no Brexit deal

What happens if we have no deal by March 2019?

The government is planning to publish, in two tranches in late August and early September, about 70 technical notices on how businesses and consumers should prepare for no deal.

  • It means that pretty much all of the current arrangements that join us to the rest of Europe – covering everything from air transport to pharmaceuticals – would simply vanish.
  • The fall in the pound following the original Brexit vote is estimated to have already cost the average household about £400-a-year.
  • In principle, aircraft could be grounded, British road hauliers would be unable to operate to and from the continent and border crossings on both sides of the channel could be gridlocked. You might need a visa for your summer holiday, and many UK-based manufacturers that are part of ‘just-in-time’ supply chains could be forced to halt production.
  • In practice, it’s likely that the UK and the EU would come up with some emergency measures to stop a complete breakdown.
  • The 3.4 million European citizens living in the UK won’t become illegal immigrants overnight and/or UK residents lining in the 27 EU member states.

Theresa May’s Red Lines on Brexit: Chequers Plan July 2019 (see paper attached)

The future relationship between the United Kingdom and the European Union.

Our proposal is comprehensive. It is ambitious. And it strikes the balance we need – between rights and obligations.

  • It would ensure that we leave the EU, without leaving Europe.
  • It would return accountability over the laws we live by to London, Edinburgh, Cardiff and Belfast, and end the jurisdiction of the European Court of Justice in the UK.
  • It would preserve the UK’s and the EU’s frictionless access to each other’s markets for goods, protecting jobs and livelihoods on both sides, and propose new arrangements for services.
  •  It would meet our shared commitments to Northern Ireland and Ireland through the overall future relationship, in a way that respects the EU’s autonomy without harming the UK’s constitutional and economic integrity.
  • It would end free movement, taking back control of the UK’s borders.
  • It would see the UK step out into the world, driving forward an independent trade policy by striking trade deals with new friends and old allies.
  • It would maintain the shared security capabilities that keep citizens in the UK and the EU safe, as we work in partnership with Member States to tackle crime and terrorism.
  • It would end vast annual contributions to the EU budget, releasing funds for domestic priorities – in particular our long-term plan for the NHS.
  • It would take us out of the Common Agricultural Policy and Common Fisheries Policy, ensuring we can better meet the needs of farming and fishing communities.
  • It would maintain our current high standards on consumer and employment rights and the environment.
  • And it would enable co-operation to continue in areas including science and international development, improving people’s lives within and beyond Europe’s borders.
  • In short, the proposal set out in this White Paper would honour the result of the referendum.
  • It would deliver a principled and practical Brexit that is in our national interest, and the UK’s and the EU’s mutual interest.


Political debate so far

All the major speeches given to date on Brexit by the main party leaders.


All-Party Parliamentary Group on a Better Brexit for Young People

Purpose of the group is to develop relationships between young people and parliamentarians, in order to secure a better Brexit for young people. Young people will live with the outcome of Brexit the longest and therefore should have a voice in how the negotiations are shaped.


Statement and Call to Action on the Impact of Brexit on Children and Young People

The Brexit process has, thus far, ignored the voices of children and young people.

We, the undersigned, represent over 1800 children’s rights organisations across Europe and believe the rights of children and young people must be protected and championed as part of the process.

Children and young people in the United Kingdom and across the EU will be the most impacted in the long term by the Brexit vote, yet they have had no opportunity to have their opinions heard on this issue by decision-makers.

Together the UK, EU institutions and all EU Governments have a role to play in ensuring the rights of children are prioritised at the negotiating table.

Screen Shot 2017-06-29 at 14.23.41

EU referendum: one year on

Well, it’s not boring is it? Politics continues to surprise us, and all the while the Article 50 clock keeps ticking. One year on from the EU referendum, this report is intended for all those who are interested in what has happened since the referendum, and how the Brexit process might unfold in the months and years to come…

Foreword extract from “EU referendum: One year on” by Professor Anand Menon, The UK in a Changing Europe 2017.
EU referendum: one year on

Some statistical data on the Me and Europe site

The web site Me And Europe was active online from mid April 2016 until the end of June. Summing up the results of the site have been:

sessions: 4,172
distinct users: 2,991
page views: 10,165

(all with more detail in the PDFs attached).

This screenshot of the in page statistics shows that the characters were the most effective part of the website:

2016-07-01 11_25_13-ME&EU - What about Me in a changing Europe_ _ UK Referendum on EU Membership

Bounce rate was around 57% (not that bad) and session average duration 2:36 minutes.

5% of the users on average clicked on the “register” button (either from the page or from the bus) but of course this is an under estimation of the effect because it measures only the direct clicks.

You find also the top 25 referrals report attached. Lack of strong referrals was clearly the problem of the initiative :-)

Full data PDF download

MEandEU Referral Traffic 20160410-20160630

MEandEU Acquisition Overview 20160410-20160630

MEandEU Audience Overview 20160410-20160630

MEandEU Overview 20160410-20160630

Young people in a changing Europe: British youth and Brexit 2016

In recent years, the relationship between young people and British democracy has become increas-ingly complex and fragile. In particular, Govern-ment austerity policies introduced in 2010 placed a disproportionate burden on young people who have arguably suffered more than any other social grouping from deepening spending cuts in welfare and public services (Birch, Lodge and Gottfried 2013). Perhaps not surprisingly, the perceived failings of the political class to champion the interests of young people has left today’s youth feeling especially ignored and marginalised, and has exposed a widening gap in aspirations between the generations. It has also translated into continued abstention from formal electoral politics (Henn and Oldfield, 2016). In the run-up to the 2016 EU Ref-erendum, a key challenge for the political class was therefore to activate the youth vote in a contest that in time will almost certainly radically re-shape Britain’s relationship with itself and the rest of continental Europe.

Against this back-drop, we worked with young people to co-produce a project called ‘Me and EU’ to place accessible, timely and peer reviewed information in the hands of young people with just one click. The digital platform connected users to research and events organised by contributors to the ESRC-funded “UK in a Changing Europe” project. Critically, ‘Me and EU’ was designed to better help young people in their decision-making on whether and how to vote. This was important for two critical reasons.

Firstly, although they represented a huge potential voting bloc, the UK’s Electoral Commission identified that they were nonetheless massively under-represented on the electoral register in advance of the EU Referen-dum. Our project aimed to encourage young people to register to vote, and included a link that enabled them to do that.

Secondly, young people had a particular take on the EU Referendum and a vision on Britain’s relationship with Europe that were distinct from those of their older contemporaries. For instance, using YouGov polling data collected in the months leading up to the Referendum, Fox (2016) tracked a strong correlation between attitudes to EU membership and age. The polls revealed that when compared with older age groups, young people were less hostile to the EU, more tolerant of immigration, and more likely to feel that the EU had been successful in securing peace across the continent. Importantly, the data from YouGov’s May 2016 poll indicated that the under 25’s were overwhelmingly most likely to support the Remain option, while the over-60s backed leaving the EU. As Table 1 (opposite) demonstrates, this generational gap was ultimately reflected in the final vote, with 73 per cent of 18 to 24 year olds voting to remain in the EU while the country at large voted to leave by a margin of 51.9 per cent to 48.1 per cent.

In our ‘Me and EU’ research project, we asked respondents what underpinned their support to either remain in, or to leave, the European Union. Figure 1 summarises their responses. The majority of young people pri-oritised broadly “Remain” responses (shaded). The primary issue for this group was a concern that Brexit would have a negative impact on the economy, trade and employment. However, these young people also stressed the positive aspects of continued membership of the EU, including the benefits to be gained by offering collective ap-proaches to such matters as global environmental sustainability, security and human rights. By way of contrast, a significant minority of respond-ents emphasised the benefits to be gained from leaving the EU in terms of strengthening national political sovereignty, re-directing investment from the EU towards the UK, and greater control over immigration. However, a sizeable group of respondents (16 per cent) expressed a lack of certainty about the claims and counter-claims of both the Leave and Remain campaigns. This supports previous research (Henn and Foard 2014) that young people found politics in general to be confusing and difficult to engage with. Typical responses (typed word-for-word by respondents) included:

I don’t know enough about the consequences of voting to stay in or leave Europe. I don’t think anyone truly knows the consequences… I don’t think anyone can trust what the newspapers are reporting on it because they all have their own agenda and are completely biased.

Nobody knows what will happen if we do leave.

I honestly have no clue on the benefits of leaving the EU or staying in.

The decision of the UK population to support the Brexit option at the 2016 EU Referendum will have significant economic, social, political and cultural consequences – and none more so than for the futures of young people. However, the outcome would appear to be at odds with the instincts and preferences of the majority of young people who have indicated their broad support for the European project and who voted overwhelmingly to remain in the EU. Conceivably, the growing inequalities between the generations provides a significant challenge of our time. For a youth generation that has borne the brunt of recent austerity politics and which already feels poorly served by the political class, the Referen-dum outcome may serve to deepen the ongoing dissatisfaction that young people feel in relation to democratic processes in the UK.


Vote by age at the 2016 UK Referendum on membership of the European Union(%)
Source:Lord Ashcroft Polls (2016)

18-24 25-34 35-44 45-54 55- 64 65+
Leave 27 38 48 56 57 60
Remain 73 62 52 44 43 40


Main reasons for wanting the UK to either remain in the European Union
or to leave the European Union(%)
leave_remain_perc – Analytics Audience Overview
Source: Google Analytics



Download “EU Referendum Analysis 2016: Media, Voters and the Campaign” as full pdf (5.8mb)

Message from Slovakia… “Son, the UK are leaving the EU”

Last Friday, I was awoken by a phone call from my mum at 7 AM. She told me that Great Britain voted in the referendum to leave the EU. I could not have believed it has I was more than sure that the British people would have voted to stay in the EU despite all the negative campaign from the Leave camp. I really thought that the reason and the vision of unity, prosperity and security was going to win over the Leave campaign that built its arguments on isolation, nationalism, xenophobia, hatred, racism and no clear economic and political after plan. I was very disappointed to find out that I was wrong.

I still cannot believe that the UK voted to leave. The British public chose to express their disappointment and disgust with the Western economic crisis of 2008, welfare cuts and Westminster politics, which is perceived has elitist and serving the needs of the wealthy metropolitan elites. This feeling has been expressed in the working class voters in Northern England, midlands and Wales. In my view, these communities were misled by politicians such as Boris Johnson and Nigel Farage to blame all their misfortune and governments’ mismanagement on the European Union, immigration and globalization. After Brexit it is clear that the threats and warnings, which had been predicted by political and economic experts was not far wrong.

Thus it looks like that the Leave Camp has no solid plan how to manage this mess. The saddest thing is that all the politicians who were very loud during campaign, e.g. Boris Johnson, David Cameron and George Osborne who are responsible for having this referendum in the first place are hiding and do not provide any solutions and answers. In my opinion, the only impact that this referendum will have on Britain is that its economy will get worse and make it harder for young people to succeed, widening of inequalities and weakens British place in the world.
The decline of British Empire has started after WW2 and I have a strong feeling that it has just got to the last phase. The most ironic point here is that this last phase of self-destruction have been started by politicians who put their personal careers over the nation’s welfare and unity. This divorce will have the most severe impact on the future of young people and it’s unbelievable to me that the British population has decided to destroy the future of their kids and thus also the future of their own country.


They voted leave and we have to deal with it

On Thursday 23rd June 2016, the British public voted to leave the EU. I believe that the outcome of the referendum surprised the entire world.  Nonetheless, the UK has voted to leave the EU and we must now deal with its fallout. But can the 18-24 year olds who voted to remain in the EU just get on and deal with the effects this decision has made to their future plans? Following the news to leave the EU young people expressed their disappointment on social media. My Facebook page was filled with dissatisfied young people who blamed older voters for taking them out of the EU.

With the decision to leave the EU, the future seems uncertain for many young people. For instance, what effects will leaving the EU have on our education? Will UK students still be able to study on the continent under Erasmus? Right this minute the answer is still yes; however, there could be some limitations. In addition, our decision to leave the EU could affect future career prospects of young graduates in the UK. Right now, I could move to Belgium and relocate with ease. I wouldn’t need any work permit or visas to do this – well maybe just a pocket size French or Dutch dictionary. With our decision to leave the EU, this will also change. I feel that this will negatively affect a lot of young people ability to settle in other countries in Europe or hinder their career pathways that are linked with other EU states. For instance, I have a friend who studies chemistry and he always talks about how he plans on moving to Germany straight after his degree in order to pursue his passion for science. Personally, I think it is very sad that we could be missing out on so much educational, cultural and social experiences just because some people do not want “all these immigrants coming in and taking our jobs”.

To conclude, I think the future for young people needs to be considered heavily in the UK’s exist talks from the EU. Most importantly, I really hope that the outcome of the EU referendum will encourage more young people to see the importance of politics in their lives. But the danger is that the referendum will discourage young people’s participation in future political matters. But it shouldn’t, it seriously shouldn’t because any political decision that is made affects young people – in the long term – more than any other social group.

A comprehensive booklet to help anyone make an informed decision

coverSWOT analyses – structured round an investigation of Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats – represent a useful way of weighing up the pros and cons of UK relations with the EU and of thinking about how they might develop in the future. We felt that such an approach would allow us to produce a balanced assessessment of the pros and cons of both membership and of both remaining and leaving.

Read the booklet online