May says no to EU proposed deal on the future UK and EU economic relationship and Backstop for Northern Ireland. The EU’s offer to the UK consisted of:

1. UK staying in the European Area and Custom Union. This would mean the UK obeying EU rules and not being able no establish separate trade deals with the rest of the world.

2. Free trade deal that would include Northern Ireland remaining within the custom union to avoid a hard border with the Republic of Ireland (see Good Friday Agreement for more details).

May rejected point 1 because it would fail to deliver on the referendum by staying within European control and without voting rights. Parliament rejected point 2 because it threatens the integrity of the UK union.

May wants from the EU an agreement that sees frictionless free trade of goods that protects the integrity of the UK union in the same way the EU wants to protect its own Union.



Brexit Facts

A curated selection of relevant videos about Brexit.
From this page, you can also download research papers and other materials.


Brexit-Theresa May

What happens if we have no deal by March 2019?

The government is planning to publish, in two tranches in late August and early September, about 70 technical notices on how businesses and consumers should prepare for no deal.

  • It means that pretty much all of the current arrangements that join us to the rest of Europe – covering everything from air transport to pharmaceuticals – would simply vanish.
  • The fall in the pound following the original Brexit vote is estimated to have already cost the average household about £400-a-year.
  • In principle, aircraft could be grounded, British road hauliers would be unable to operate to and from the continent and border crossings on both sides of the channel could be gridlocked. You might need a visa for your summer holiday, and many UK-based manufacturers that are part of ‘just-in-time’ supply chains could be forced to halt production.
  • In practice, it’s likely that the UK and the EU would come up with some emergency measures to stop a complete breakdown.
  • The 3.4 million European citizens living in the UK won’t become illegal immigrants overnight and/or UK residents lining in the 27 EU member states.


Theresa May’s Red Lines on Brexit: Chequers Plan July 2019 (see paper attached)

The future relationship between the United Kingdom and the European Union.

Our proposal is comprehensive. It is ambitious. And it strikes the balance we need – between rights and obligations.

  • It would ensure that we leave the EU, without leaving Europe.
  • It would return accountability over the laws we live by to London, Edinburgh, Cardiff and Belfast, and end the jurisdiction of the European Court of Justice in the UK.
  • It would preserve the UK’s and the EU’s frictionless access to each other’s markets for goods, protecting jobs and livelihoods on both sides, and propose new arrangements for services.
  •  It would meet our shared commitments to Northern Ireland and Ireland through the overall future relationship, in a way that respects the EU’s autonomy without harming the UK’s constitutional and economic integrity.
  • It would end free movement, taking back control of the UK’s borders.
  • It would see the UK step out into the world, driving forward an independent trade policy by striking trade deals with new friends and old allies.
  • It would maintain the shared security capabilities that keep citizens in the UK and the EU safe, as we work in partnership with Member States to tackle crime and terrorism.
  • It would end vast annual contributions to the EU budget, releasing funds for domestic priorities – in particular our long-term plan for the NHS.
  • It would take us out of the Common Agricultural Policy and Common Fisheries Policy, ensuring we can better meet the needs of farming and fishing communities.
  • It would maintain our current high standards on consumer and employment rights and the environment.
  • And it would enable co-operation to continue in areas including science and international development, improving people’s lives within and beyond Europe’s borders.
  • In short, the proposal set out in this White Paper would honour the result of the referendum.
  • It would deliver a principled and practical Brexit that is in our national interest, and the UK’s and the EU’s mutual interest.


Will Theresa May have the last say on Brexit or Parliament? EU Withdrawal Bill

The House of Lords voted in favour of a new amendment for the ‘meaningful vote’, which was passed by 354 votes to 235. Ministers tabled an amendment that would mean a vote only on a neutral motion, which would give MPs no power to halt a cliff-edge Brexit.

Under the new amendment, ministers must update parliament by 21 January 2019 if there is no prospect of a deal with the EU and then have two weeks to return to the House of Commons with a statement on how the government plans to proceed. MPs would then be given a vote on whether to approve the action in statement.